Get To Know Your Scalp

The basic structure of scalp and facial skin is the same, and both are composed of epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous tissue. Compared with the scalp and facial skin, there are several more special characteristics about our scalp:


Character 1: The thickness of the scalp is about 1.476 mm, the thickness of the skin on the cheeks is about 1.533 mm, and the thickness of the skin on the nose is about 2.040 mm. This means that the scalp is thinner than most of the skin on the face.

Character 2: The density of sebaceous glands on the scalp is about 144-192/square centimeter, on the forehead is about 52-79/square centimeter, and on the cheek is about 42-78/square centimeter. This means that the number of sebaceous glands on the scalp is twice as high as that of the forehead, which is the oiliest part of the face. It also means our scalp is a lot more sensitive to react to harsh environment we expose it to.

Character 3: In 12 hours, the amount of sebum secreted on the scalp surface reached 288µg/cm², while the amount of sebum on the forehead was only 144µg/cm².

In conclusion, compared with the facial skin, the scalp is thinner and the sebum secretion is more vigorous. Due to the occlusion of the hair, the cleaning of the scalp is more challenging than the cleaning of the face.

Similar to facial skin health, scalp health also has a water-oil balance issue.

For example, dry hair is often caused by too little sebum secretion on the scalp, or damage to the stratum corneum of the scalp, which reduces the ability of the scalp to retain water. A dry scalp can cause scaling and itching, just like peeling and dry facial skin.

The difference is that if the face peels, we see it right away and the alarm goes off in our brain immediately. We then will use various methods to replenish water to alleviate the peeling phenomenon. But if the head is itchy, people will scratch it, not only the symptoms are not improved, but if scratching leaves a wound, it is easy to get infected.

The opposite of dry scalp is oily scalp, which is usually caused by excess sebum secretion on the scalp. Oil can easily accompany dandruff because the fungus that causes dandruff favors oil-rich scalps. Hair oils are also prone to odor and make hair sticky and flat.

The scalp contains the most important part of hair production - hair follicles, and it is also one of the three major oil-producing areas of the human body. Improper cleaning can easily lead to bacterial growth.

The secretion cycle of the oil glands in the scalp is faster than that of the facial skin. Coupled with the continuous secretion of sebum and the residue of dyeing and styling products, it will affect the health of the scalp and naturally the health of the hair.


How to care for the scalp scientifically at home?

Use scalp care products for different scalp problems, you can choose different scalp care products. There are many cosmetic products for scalp care on the market.

For example, Histemo’s Ultra Scalp Care Shampoo and Nutritioner contains 12 different plant-based growth factor ingredients that treat the root of the problem by attracting water to the hair follicles. The ultimate DHT blocker prevents the DHT, which is the leading cause of male and female hair loss. Histemo’s Ultra Scalp Care Nutritioner targets dandruff and oily scalp and hair; moisturize and sooth your scalp with Betaine, a fatty acid derived from coconuts proven to repair scalp tissue; helps prevent build-up on our scalp. Everyone should choose head care products reasonably according to their own scalp problems. rather than exclude it.

Develop good living habits and massage the scalp properly. Because the tissues under the scalp are rich in blood vessels and nerves, you can also use a comb or finger belly to massage the scalp to relax the scalp and speed up the blood circulation of the scalp.


How does a professional hair salon maintain the scalp?

The scalp is the soil on which the hair lives. The hair follicles are buried in the scalp, providing nutrients to the hair follicles through the blood circulation of the scalp and promoting healthy hair growth. At the same time, the hair follicles on the scalp secrete oil to protect the weakly acidic environment of the scalp against the outside world bacterial growth.

It can also prevent the moisture of the hair follicle scalp from evaporating, mix with the sweat secreted by the sweat pores of the scalp, apply a layer of protection to the scalp, and maintain the balance of water and oil on the scalp.

Professional hair salons generally follow this logic for scalp care maintenance, but it should be noted that hair salons cannot treat hair loss, but can only improve or relieve the symptoms of hair loss. Treating hair loss is a matter of the hospital.

Professional hair salons usually do scalp nourishment. The hair salon has different formulas and maintenance equipment, which can effectively clean the scalp while nourishing the pores of the scalp, cleaning and nourishing in one step.

Effectively improve pore problems and maintain the balance of water and oil, delay scalp relaxation and aging, and rejuvenate your scalp. Help your hair to remove makeup, easily dissolve excess oil, remove chemical residues, refreshing and non-greasy, gentle and non-irritating.

Professional hair salons usually do scalp SPA to release stress. Generally, when doing care, you will use your own formula essential oil to clean the scalp and dirt, and make the scalp feel loose through the technique, thereby releasing the pressure. We found that when doing scalp SPA or scalp treatment in hair salons, using Histemo’s Ion-To-G Hair Tonic greatly increases the effectiveness of the treatment. Our hair salon partner can normally provide a free Smart Hair and Scalp Diagnosis and then recommend a treatment solution accordingly. It is a great way to find out about your own scalp health and how to treat it to improve its health level.

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